Choosing your plants according to the climate of your region makes your job easier and limits treatments and watering.
A little common sense for more natural gardening!
A olive tree in pot who is wasting away in the North, a hydrangea which dries up in the South: difficult to grow the same plants in the mildness of the Nice hinterland and in the coolness of the Alsace plain.
France is a country of varied climates: oceanic on the west coast, with mild and rainy winters (especially along the coasts) and summers without great heat; continental influence for the eastern regions, with harsh winters and hot summers; Mediterranean in the South East; mountain in the relief areas (Vosges, Alps, Jura, Massif Central, Pyrenees).
Negative temperatures or little frost in winter, dry or rainy summers: these differences have an impact on plants. This must be taken into account before composing the garden of your dreams, because like the nature of the soil on the ground, they play an important role in the success of a crop.
This will save you the expense of watering in the summer and fertilizer in the spring, a plant adapted to its environment being more resistant to disease and pest attacks. Enough to simplify gardening.
Make the right choice
To choose the varieties best suited to your climate, ask your nurseryman and the experienced gardeners around you for advice. Observe what grows well on your neighbors' land. The country hedges and orchards of yesteryear give a good overview of the trees and fruit trees which will grow without problem in your garden: oaks, lime trees, yews, plane trees, apple trees, cherry trees, pear trees… From hardy species to a large number of varieties: it's up to you to find the one that is best suited to the nature of the soil and the climate of your region.
If resorting to local species allows you to preserve the biodiversity specific to each environment, nothing prevents you from also falling for exotic plants who have been able to adapt to our climates, such asactinidia (kiwifruit), which finds the western regions much to its liking.
But beware, some varieties from elsewhere acclimatize so well to our regions that they become invasive, proliferating and threatening the local flora and fauna that depend on it. This is the case withbutterfly tree, ambrosia,pampas grass, Japanese knotweed, Cape groundsel and Canadian solidage. To be avoided therefore.